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BONE MINERAL DENSITY TEST

What is Bone Mineral Density (BMD)?

Bone Mineral Density reflects the strength and solidness of bone.

 

What does Bone Mineral Density Test do?

BMD Test is the most sensitive and accurate method to diagnose osteoporosis.

 

What is Osteoporosis?

  • Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength predisposing a person to an increased risk of fracture especially of the spine and hip.
  • Osteoporosis represents an increasingly serious health and economic problem around the world.
  • It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in older people.
  • There are about 9 million fractures worldwide per year due to osteoporosis.
  • It affects both sexes and all ages.
  • Globally, 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men over the age of 50 will have an osteoporotic fracture.
  • This is a silent disease which shows no clinical symptoms until a fracture occurs.

 

What are risk factors for osteoporosis?

  • Advancing age
  • Early menopause (age <45 years)
  • Asian race
  • Family history of hip fracture
  • Low body weight
  • Long-term corticosteroid therapy
  • Poor diet without enough calcium and vitamin D.
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol

 

Why should get BMD test?

Early detection of osteoporosis and prevention from fracture and its complications.

H-PYLORI BREATH TEST

What is H. pylori?

Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) is a type of bacteria that is known to be a major cause of gastritis, peptic ulcer disease.

 

What does H. pylori breath test do?

This test is used for diagnosing the presence of a bacterium ( H.pylori) in stomach and also for monitoring the treatment.

 

How the test is performed?

  • For the test, patients swallow a capsule containing urea made from an isotope of carbon.
  • If H. pylori is present in the stomach, the urea is broken up and turned into carbon dioxide.
  • The carbon dioxide is absorbed across the lining of the stomach and into the blood.
  • It then travels in the blood to the lungs, where it is excreted in the breath.
  • Samples of exhaled breath are collected, and the isotopic carbon in the exhaled carbon dioxide is measured.

 

Why should get H.pylori breath test?

For detection of H. pylori infection as it is associated with an increased risk of developing ulcers (peptic ulcer disease), chronic gastritis, and gastric (stomach) cancer.

 

Who should get H.pylori breath test?

Those who are experiencing gastrointestinal pain and has signs and symptoms of an ulcer. Some of these may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Feeling of fullness or bloating
  • Nausea
  • Belching

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